Observing Water Resources From Space
Effective management of water resources is of increasing global concern. A significant number of people around the world are already exposed to water-related risks due to water scarcity or flooding. Population increases and climate change are expected to cause further stresses to global water resources. Strategies that will allow people to adapt to and mitigate water security threats require better tools that can detect and predict emerging issues.
Many water security threats can be linked to changes in soil moisture. For example, researchers have shown that observations of soil moisture can be used for improving weather and climate forecasting, drought detection and for predicting everything from floods to agricultural productivity. This has increased the importance of soil moisture observations.
Dr. Aaron Berg, Canada Research Chair in Hydrology and Remote Sensing, is using earth observation satellites and hydrology models to develop tools that will improve the observation of global soil moisture patterns and water availability.
Berg is focusing on improving the remote sensing models that are used to estimate soil moisture and to apply these observations for improved hydrological modelling, seasonal climate forecasting and drought identification.
Berg’s research will result in the development of tools to observe and manage water resources more effectively.