International Migration and Security
Human beings are quite literally on the move. In its 2015 report, the International Organization for Migration put the number of international migrants at over 230 million.
This explosion in the number of migrants has led to a profound change in how international migration has been perceived since the early 1990s. Previously viewed through a largely economic lens, migration has become a security concern for many countries, to the point where researchers now speak in terms of the securitization of migration.
To better grasp the causes and consequences of the securitization of international migration, Dr. Philippe Bourbeau, Canada Research Chair in Immigration and Security, is proposing a multidisciplinary dialogue on security.
Bourbeau feels it is important to recognize that the security system for migration does not apply solely to one particular category of migrants (e.g., “illegal” immigrants), but covers international migration as a whole—hence the need to gather knowledge in this field and analyze the role of rupture and continuity in the evolution of immigration policy, from both a domestic and international perspective.
Migration is not in itself a question of security. According to Bourbeau’s research, characterizing migration as a threat to security not only legitimizes the use of measures that have serious consequences, but compels us to ponder the relationship between securitization of migration and other social questions—such as radicalization, crime and how we perceive it, gender and multiculturalism/interculturalism.